Flora in Madeira Island
Flora of the Archipelago of Madeira The Archipelago of Madeira is well known for its mild climate all year round, its magnificent scenery, rare beauty, the famous Laurissilva Forest, its levadas and walking paths. The Archipelago is also known for the diversity of endemic flora. Madeira, Porto Santo as Desertas Islands have amazing and spectacular landscapes where you can see the beautiful flora and fauna of the islands. Madeira Island has two peaks, namely Pico Ruivo and Pico do Areeiro, which are the biggest ones on the island. Pico Ruivo is the highest peak in Madeira Island. This peak is 1862 meters and provides locals and tourists with astonishing views. Pico do Areeiro is the second highest peak on the island and is 1817 meters high. There are some species which you can see, when visiting these peaks, namely Rosetas, Piorno Flowers, Mandon's Chrysanthemum, Moss and Ferns. If you are a nature lover, the levadas and walking paths are an excellent choice for you. Also, take a walk at the amazing Laurissilva Forest and observe the endemic flora of Madeira Island. Rural accommodations are also ideal for nature lovers. Madeira Rural has plenty rural accommodations, all over the Archipelago. There are country houses, cottages, bed and breakfast, self-catering, rural holiday homes and villas. Flora da Ilha da Madeira One of the Madeira’s greatest touristic attractions is its Nature. There are more than 31 endemic species on the archipelago. The most important one are Madeira Laurel (Ocotea foetens), Madeira Orchid (Dactylorhiza foliosa), Pride of Madeira (Echium candicans), Lily of the Valley Tree (Clethra arborea Aiton), Bay Tree (Laurus azorica), Madeira Mahogany (Persea indica) and Dragon Tree (Dracaena draco). The Laurissilva Forest is located in the northern part of the island and occupies an area of approximately 15.000 hectares. Due to its vast and rich natural heritage, the Laurissilva became Humanity Heritage, by UNESCO, in 1999. You should not miss the opportunity of visiting the Laurissilva Forest. You will be amazed by the diversity and richness of its species. Flora of Desertas and Selvagens (Savage) Islands Desertas and Selvagens Islands are nature reserves, since 1990, and are part of the Madeira Natural Park. They are located about 25 km from Madeira Island. This Nature reserves comprises 201 endemic species, 33 of them being endemic to the archipelago and 2 are exclusively endemic of this reserve. These are the Sinapidendron sempervivifolium and the Frullania sergiae. There is also a tiny colony of Mediterranean Monk Seals inhabiting the beaches of Desertas and Selvagens Islands. The Selvagens Islands is located approximately midway between Madeira and the Canary Islands. These Islands are known for its marine biodiversity, and its unique flora. The Selvagens Islands are a Nature Reserve since 1971, and comprises three islands, namely Selvagem Grande, Selvagem Pequena and Ilhéu de Fora. There is an impressive rare endemic plants species on the islands. In order to visit these islands, a special authorization is required.
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